Opioid Safety, Respiratory Compromise

Use of PCA Safety Checklist Found to Reduce Pain 1 out of every 378 are harmed by PCA

Researchers at the University of Colorado Hospital recently reported that their use of a PCA safety checklist was found to reduce pain from moderate-severe pain to no-mild pain in 42% of patients within 2 days. In “Let’s Be Smart About Improving Pain,” they reported:

Our PCA safety checklist smart phrases increased use of a safety checklist and documentation of daily PCA opioid trends, and correlated with more rapid improvement in moderate-severe pain levels.

They used smart phrases in these four areas covering a patient’s continuum of care – PCA initiation, PCA titration, PCA transition to oral opioids, and PCA discharge handoff –  to facilitate standardized documentation of PCA management.

1 out of 378 post-surgical patients are harmed or die from errors related to PCA pumps.

The Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety released a PCA Safety Checklist developed in conjunction with renowned medical experts, including intensive care specialist and a leader in medical checklist development Peter J. Pronovost, MD, PhD, FCCM, Professor, Departments of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Medical Director, Center for Innovation in Quality Patient; and Atul Gawande, MD, Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health, who is a surgeon at Brigham and Women’s Hospital Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School and author of “The Checklist Manifesto.”

“We would recommend that all patients receiving opioids be continuously electronically monitored,” said Michael Wong, JD (Founder and Executive Director, Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety.

Please refer to the PPAHS position statement on continuous electronic monitoring for more information.

Patient Safety

Are you up-to-date on respiratory compromise? Respiratory Compromise Institute releases inaugural issue of its quarterly newsletter

The Respiratory Compromise Institute (RCI), of which the Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety (PPAHS) is a member, has released the inaugural issue of its quarterly newsletter. The newsletter includes: recent research re­lated to respiratory compromise (RC); highlights from a RCI member society meeting; RCI and member society news and RC-related news; and a list of upcoming events and observances.

Click on the image to read the newsletter.

Click on the image to read the newsletter.

Respiratory Compromise is defined by the Respiratory Compromise Institute as

“a state in which there is a high likelihood of decompensation into respiratory insufficiency, respiratory failure or death, but in which specific interventions (enhanced monitoring and/or therapies) might prevent or mitigate decompensation.”

The Respiratory Compromise Institute is a diverse coalition of 14 medical and safety organizations devoted to raising awareness about respiratory compromise:

  • American Association for Respiratory Care
  • American College of Chest Physicians
  • American College of Emergency Physicians
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists
  • American Thoracic Society
  • Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists
  • National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists
  • National Association of EMS Physicians
  • National Association for Medical Direction of Respiratory Care
  • Physician Patient Alliance for Health & Safety
  • Society of Anesthesia & Sleep Medicine
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine
  • Society of Hospital Medicine
  • The National Board for Respiratory Care

To read the newsletter, please click here.

Opioid Safety, Respiratory Compromise

Benzodiazepines and Opioid Use May Result in Respiratory Compromise and Death Position statement on benzodiazepines and opioids by the Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety

Using benzodiazepines and opioids may be a deadly combination. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, more than 30% of opioid overdoses involve the use of benzodiazepines.

One of the commonly overlooked complications to safe opioid administration is failing to account for the additive sedation effects of non-opioid medication. In recognition of these dangers, in August 2016, the FDA issued its strongest warning about combined use of opioids and benzodiazepines and issued another caution more recently on September 20, 2017.

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Must Reads, Patient Safety

What do Environmental Concerns, C-Sections, the Value of a Human Life and Opioids have in common? Articles PPAHS have been reading the weeks of May 14 and 21, 2018

What do environmental concerns, pressure ulcers, C-sections, the value of a human life, and opioids have in common?

They are the themes in the articles we have been reading the past two weeks of May 14 and 21, 2018.

Your Environment May Increase Your Risk of COPD  

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. Although cigarette smoking is often the cause of COPD, a recent study led by researchers from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) reminds us that COPD may be caused by other factors.

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Patient Safety

Preventing Medication Errors The Role of the Hospital Pharmacist in Reducing Medication Errors, An Interview with Steven Meisel, PharmD

Michael Wong, JD (Founder and Executive Director, Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety) recently interviewed Steven Meisel, PharmD about what hospitals can do to reduce medication medical errors.

According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, nearly 700,000 emergency department visits and 100,000 hospitalizations each year.

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Respiratory Compromise

Are You Using Your COPD Inhaler Properly? COPD Patients Need Better Education on Using Inhalers

Recent survey points to the need for better education for COPD patients on how to use inhalers.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder that affects millions of patients and leads to substantial morbidity, mortality, disability, impaired quality of life, and increased health care costs. As the COPD Outcomes-based Network for Clinical Effectiveness & Research Translation (CONCERT) explains:

“Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder that affects about 300 million patients worldwide and 30 million patients in the US alone.  COPD carries a substantial burden in human suffering. Dyspnea and other respiratory symptoms are common and can be disabling. Respiratory infections and exposure to environmental triggers lead to episodic deteriorations (acute exacerbations of COPD; AE-COPD) and result in over 700,000 hospitalizations and 100,000 deaths each year in the U.S. alone. 

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Opioid Safety, Patient Safety, Respiratory Compromise

Recommendations for Procedural Sedation Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety Announces Intention to Develop Position Statement

The Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety (PPAHS) announced its intention to develop a position statement on recommendations for procedural sedation.

Michael Wong, JD (Founder and Executive Director, PPAHS) explained that such a position statement on recommendations for procedural sedation would encapsulate guidelines and recommendations from leading medical organizations in Canada and the United States:

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Opioid Safety, Respiratory Compromise

Seven Keys to Preventing More Patients from Dying from Dental Sedation Dental Sedation Needs Better Standards to Prevent Further Patient Deaths

The number of patients – and, particularly, children – dying from dental sedation is indicative that there are gaps in the standard of medical care being used during dental sedation.

In this article by Bradley T. Truax, MD (The Truax Group) and Michael Wong, JD (Founder and Executive Director, Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety), the  authors discuss why dental sedation needs better standards to prevent further patient deaths and provide seven keys.

To read the article in Dentistry Today, please click here.

 

Opioid Safety, Respiratory Compromise

Using Capnography and Recognizing Respiratory Compromise Could Save Patient Lives Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety Releases Clinical Education Podcast with Dr. Jenifer Lightdale

The Physician-Patient Alliance for Health & Safety (PPAHS) released a clinical education podcast, “Using Capnography and Recognizing Respiratory Compromise Could Save Patient Lives.”

The podcast features an interview with Jenifer Lightdale, MPH, MD who is division chief, pediatric gastroenterology and chief quality officer at the Children’s Medical Center at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

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